Charles Nduka continues an active research interest and has contributed to 4 books on minimally invasive surgery. Over the last 12 years he has published over 50 scientific papers and monographs. Topics of these include the description of technical innovations, methods to raise the accuracy of pre-operative assessment, and ways of improving safety. A selection of scientific publications over the last 10 years include:

In chronological order:

The challenge of objective scar colour assessment in a clinical setting: using digital photography. Anderson JC, Hallam MJ, Nduka C, Osorio D. J Wound Care. 2015 Aug;24(8):379-87. doi: 10.12968/jowc.2015.24.8.379.

How precise are precision injections and how can we improve? Cooper L, Meyerowitz B, Nduka C. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2015 Dec;68(12):1773-4. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2015.09.008. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

CADS grading scale: towards better grading of ophthalmic involvement in facial nerve paralysis. Malhotra R, Ziahosseini K, Litwin A, Nduka C, El-Shammah N. Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Oct 15. pii: bjophthalmol-2015-307167. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2015-307167.

Cutaneous cooling to manage botulinum toxin injection-associated pain in patients with facial palsy: A randomised controlled trial.  Pucks N, Thomas A, Hallam MJ, Venables V, Neville C, Nduka C. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2015 Dec;68(12):1701-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2015.08.012. Epub 2015 Aug 19.

Comments on “The Role of Gravity in Periorbital and Midfacial Aging”. Hampton T, Nduka C. Aesthet Surg J. 2015 Jul;35(5):NP127. doi: 10.1093/asj/sju112. Epub 2015 Jun 10.

Reply: facial nerve grading scales: systematic review of the literature and suggestion for uniformity. Fattah AY, Gurusinghe DA, Gavilan J, Hadlock T, Marcus J, Marres H, Nduka C, Slattery WH, Snyder-Warwick A; Sir Charles Bell Society. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 May

Ophthalmic grading of facial paralysis: need for a closer look. Ziahosseini K, Nduka C, Malhotra R.Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Sep;99(9):1171-5. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2014-305716. Epub 2015 Jan 6.

Transcaruncular medial canthal tendon plication with lower eyelid suture sling in facial nerve palsy. Sira M, Norris JH, Nduka C, Malhotra R. Orbit. 2014 Jun;33(3):159-63. doi: 10.3109/01676830.2013.879905. Epub 2014 Feb 25.

Survey of methods of facial palsy documentation in use by members of the Sir Charles Bell Society. Fattah AY, Gavilan J, Hadlock TA, Marcus JR, Marres H, Nduka C, Slattery WH, Snyder-Warwick AK. Laryngoscope. 2014 Oct;124(10):2247-51. doi: 10.1002/lary.24636. Epub 2014 Feb 27.

A cross-sectional study of the presence of United Kingdom (UK) plastic surgeons on social media. Mabvuure NT, Rodrigues J, Klimach S, Nduka C. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2014 Mar;67(3):362-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2013.12.015. Epub 2013 Dec 27.

Variability in facial palsy service provisioning in the United Kingdom. Jing SS, Thomas A, Nduka C. Int J Surg. 2014;12(2):186-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2013.11.021. Epub 2013 Dec 11.

A case of persistent hemifacial weakness. Henderson AH, Hallam MJ, Saha R, Nduka C.

A practical and objective to scar colour assesment. Hallam MJ, McNaught K, Thomas AN, Nduka C.J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2013 Oct;66(10):e271-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2013.06.021. Epub 2013 Jul 21.

Validation of a new photogrammetric technique to monitor the treatment effect of Botulinum toxin in synkinesis. N T Mabvuure, M-J Hallam, V Venables and C Nduka. Eye , (17 May 2013) | doi:10.1038/eye.2013.91

Our Experience: The Psychosocial Impact Of Facial Palsy. Walker D, Hallam M, Ni Mhurchadha S, McCabe P, Nduka C. Clin Otolaryngol. 2012 Sep 20.

Challenges in obtaining aesthetic breast ideals: Reply to ‘Concepts in aesthetic breast dimensions – Analysis of the ideal breast’. Hallam MJ, Nduka C. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2012 Sep;65(9):1277-8.

The modified scar approach for young patients undergoing lengthening temporalis myoplasty. Hallam MJ, Nduka C. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2012 Aug 9.

Refinements in smile reanimation: 10-year experience with the lengthening Temporalis Myoplasty. Nduka C, Hallam MJ, Labbe D. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2012 Jul;65(7):851-6.

Looking ‘the same’: Experiences of women who have had corrective surgery for breast asymmetry. Ni Mhurchadha S, Harcourt D, Hughes J, Diba R, Smith R, Nduka C. J Health Psychol. 2012 Jun 11.

Accurately monitoring fluid infiltration during multiple-site or large-volume liposuction. Hallam MJ, Nduka C. Aesthet Surg J. 2012 Mar;32(3):359-60.

Anatomy of the infratemporal crest: implications for cross-facial nerve grafting in temporal myoplasty. Ali A, Lo S, Nduka C, Adds P. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2012 Mar;65(3):e54-9.

Men’s experiences of gynaecomastia and corrective surgery: a qualitative report. NiMhurchadha S, Hughes J, Nduka C, Harcourt D. Breast. 2012 Feb;21(1):108.

Medical student research electives: stimulating a new generation of clinician-scientists. Mabvuure N, Hallam MJ, Nduka C. Int J Surg. 2012;10(2):104-5.

The Cake Flap: a new technique for serial excision of benign cutaneous lesions. Tang L, MacKenzie Ross AD, Nduka C. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2011 Sep; 64(9): 1194-6.

Patient satisfaction in relation to nipple reconstruction: the importance of information provision. Harcourt D, Russell C, Hughes J, White P, Nduka C, Smith R. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2011 Apr;64(4):494-9.

Funding criteria for common procedures: a postcode lottery in NHS plastic surgery. Goodson A, Khoda B, Nduka C. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2011 Mar;64(3):417-9.

Monitoring of free flaps using near-infrared spectroscopy: a systematic review of the initial trials. Najefi A, Leff DR, Nicolaou M, Nduka C, Yang GZ, Darzi AW. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Apr;125(4):182e-184e.

Maternal morbidity and mortality in peri-urban Kenya–assessing progress in improving maternal healthcare. Ukachukwu VE, Unger H, Onoka C, Nduka C, Maina S, Ngugi N. East Afr J Public Health. 2009 Aug

Quantitative analysis of normal smile with 3D stereophotogrammetry – an aid to facial reanimation. Sawyer AR, See M, Nduka C. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010 Jan; 63(1):65-72.

3D stereophotogrammetry quantitative lip analysis. Sawyer AR, See M, Nduka C. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2009 Jul;33(4):497-504.

Assessment of the reproducibility of facial expressions with 3-D stereophotogrammetry. Sawyer AR, See M, Nduka C. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Jan;140(1):76-81.

Age- and gravity-related changes in facial morphology: 3-dimensional analysis of facial morphology in mother-daughter pairs.  See MS, Roberts C, Nduka C. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008 Jul;66(7):1410-6.

Objective assessment of keloid scars with three-dimensional imaging: quantifying response to intralesional Steroid Therapy. Ardehali B, Nouraei SA, Van Dam H, Dex E, Wood S, Nduka C. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007 Feb;119(2):556-61.

The Asplund-Davies vertical scar breast reduction technique preserves the sub- areolar skin thickness in the long term: a matched comparative study with the inverted T technique. Ardehali B, Nouraei SA, Lim A, Lysakova L, Dex E, Nduka C, Asplund O. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2007;60(12):1309-12.

Bilateral breast reduction surgery in England: a postcode lottery. Wraight WM, Tay SK, Nduka C, Pereira JA. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2007;60(9):1039-44.

Feasibility of transcutaneous mandibular distraction using an internal device. Viterbo F, Palhares A, Neto AM, Stip L, Zanini SA, Nduka C. J Craniofac Surg. 2006 Mar; 17(2):337-9.

Intra-lesional injections of collagenase are ineffective in the treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars. Kang N, Sivakumar B, Sanders R, Nduka C, Gault D. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59(7):693-9.

Delayed leech-borne infection with Aeromonas hydrophilia in escharotic flap wound. Ardehali B, Hand K, Nduka C, Holmes A, Wood S. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59(1):94-5.

Uses and abuses of digital imaging in plastic surgery. Nouraei SA, Frame J, Nduka C. Int J Surg. 2005;3(4):254-7.

The use of botulinum toxin in treating a twitching TRAM flap. van Dam H, Nduka C, Carver N. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Jun;113(7):2224. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 May;113(6):1591-7.

Estimation of breast burn size. Hidvegi N, Nduka C, Myers S, Dziewulski. P. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 May;113(6):1591-7.

Comparative breaking strength of non-permanent sutures. Russell PG, Mitchell J, Nduka C. Br J Plast Surg. 2004 Mar;57(2):186.

Nurse-led management of hypertrophic and keloid scars. Davies K, Nduka C, Moir G. Nursing Times. 2004 Feb 3-9;100(5):40-4.

Painless steroid injections for hypertrophic scars and keloids. Nduka C, van Dam H, Davis K, Shibu M. Br J Plast Surg. 2003 Dec;56(8):842.

No touch free-flap temperature monitoring. van Dam H, Nduka C, Carver N. Br J Plast Surg. 2003 Dec;56(8):835.

Digital photography for rhinoplasty. Russell P, Nduka C. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2003 Mar; 111(3):1366.

Visual estimation of finger angles: do we need goniometers? Rose V, Nduka CC, Pereira JA, Pickford MA, Belcher HJ. J Hand Surg Br. 2002 Aug;27(4):382-4.

Intraoperative fracture fixation made easy. Khandwala A, Nduka C. Br J Plast Surg. 2002 Jun;55(4):365.

Intraperitoneal hypothermia during surgery enhances postoperative tumor growth. Nduka CC, Puttick M, Coates P, Yong L, Peck D, Darzi A. Surg Endosc. 2002 Apr;16(4): 611-5.

A simple technique to avoid inadvertent damage to monofilament core suture material during flexor-tendon repair. Nduka CC, Pereira JA, Belcher HJ. Br J Plast Surg. 2001 Jan; 54(1):80-1.

Comparison of immunologic and physiologic effects of CO2 pneumoperitoneum at room and body temperatures. Puttick MI, Scott-Coombes DM, Dye J, Nduka CC, Menzies- Gow NM, Mansfield AO, Darzi A. Surg Endosc. 1999 Jun;13(6):572-5.

Other methods of laparoendoscopic hernia repair: mini-hernia–inguinal hernia repair through a 2-cm incision. Nduka C, Darzi A. Semin Laparosc Surg. 1998 Dec;5(4): 248-52.

Does the ultrasonically activated scalpel release viable airborne cancer cells? Surg Endosc. Nduka CC, Poland N, Kennedy M, Dye J, Darzi A. 1998 Aug;12(8):1031-4.

Laparoscopic proctopexy. Giordano P, Nduka C, Darzi A. Minerva Chir. 1998 Jul- Aug; 53(7-8):675-9.

Endoscopically guided percutaneous repair of inguinal hernia through a 2-cm incision. Minihernia repair. Darzi A, Nduka CC. Surg Endosc. 1997 Jul;11(7):782-4.

Port-site metastasis in patients undergoing laparoscopy for gastrointestinal malignancy. Nduka CC, Darzi A. Br J Surg. 1997 Apr;84(4):583.

Endoscopically guided surface repair of inguinal hernia. Darzi A, Bouchier-Hayes D, Menzies-Gow N, Nduka CC. Br J Surg. 1995 Apr;82(4):515-7.

Simple ileal J-pouch construction using an endoscopic stapler. Nduka CC, Menzies- Gow N, Darzi A. Dis Colon Rectum. 1995 Jan;38(1):98-9.

Mini-Hernia: Inguinal Hernia Repair through a 2-cm Incision. Nduka CC, Darzi A. Surg Technol Int. 1995;IV:165-7.

Virtual reality and laparoscopic surgery. Coleman J, Nduka CC, Darzi A. Br J Surg. 1994 Dec;81(12):1709-11.

Extracorporeal knot tying using an atraumatic Babcock clamp. Puttick MI, Nduka CC, Darzi A. J Laparoendosc Surg. 1994 Oct;4(5):339-41.

Cause and prevention of electrosurgical injuries in laparoscopy. Nduka CC, Super PA, Monson JR, Darzi AW. J Am Coll Surg. 1994 Aug;179(2):161-70.

Teaching laparoscopic surgery. Training courses are popular and valuable. Nduka CC, Darzi A. BMJ. 1994 May 28;308(6941):1435.

Hernia repair. Darzi A, Bouchier-Hayes D, Menzies-Gow N, Nduka CC. Lancet. 1994 May 7;343(8906):1164.

Abdominal wall metastases following laparoscopy. Nduka CC, Monson JR, Menzies-Gow N, Darzi A. Br J Surg. 1994 May;81(5):648-52.

Heparinized saline to aid aspiration of blood clots during laparoscopy. Nduka CC, Darzi A. Br J Surg. 1993 Aug;80(8):1082-3.