Virtual reality and laparoscopic surgery.

Coleman J, Nduka CC, Darzi A. Br J Surg. 1994 Dec;81(12):1709-11.


The nature of laparoscopic surgery makes it likely to benefit from current and future developments in virtual reality and telepresence technology. High-definition screens, three- dimensional sensory feedback and remote dextrous manipulation will be the next major developments in laparoscopic surgery. Simulators may be used in surgical training and in the evaluation of surgical capability.